The focus of public participation at the decision-making step is on ensuring the PAP and other stakeholders are fully
of the outcome of the EIA including EMMP, approval conditions, and decision reasoning of the EIA Authority. This includes ensuring they are aware of any opportunities for appeal or reconsideration of the decision. Accordingly, the level of public participation expected at the Decision step is the
on the participation spectrum.
Countries that adopt the principles of Free, Prior and Informed Consent (FPIC) in relation to project proposals that could impact indigenous peoples may require that EIA Reports demonstrate that potentially affected indigenous peoples have given their consent to the EIA analysis and findings as a condition of approval. This could be applied during the EIA Report preparation or during the review and decision-making steps. Such an approach would in practice be raising the level of indigenous peoples’ participation in the decision-making step to the