Regional Guidelines on Public Participation in Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA)

Draft for Consultation and Comment
Version 22 August 2016

5. Public Participation in Key Steps of the EIA Process - Summary

  1. Six steps of the EIA process are identified where participation is most relevant for the needed outcome of the specific step. Each of these steps has a range of public participation levels which are considered best practice and practical. However, the level of public participation will vary depending on the objectives of each step.
    • Step 1: Public Participation in Screening
    • Step 2: Public Participation in Scoping
    • Step 3: Public Participation in the EIA Investigation and Reporting
    • Step 4: Public Participation in the Review of the EIA Report and EMMP
    • Step 5: Public Participation in the Decision-Making on the EIA Report and EMMP
    • Step 6: Public Participation in Project Monitoring, Compliance and Enforcement
  1. For each step, it is important to identify the specific purposes of public participation, what level of public participation is required in each of the steps, and what information should be publicly available. This will help maximize the benefits of public participation for the project and for all those involved in the EIA process.
  1. These Guidelines contain minimum recommended public participation engagements. These are based on practical experience and reflect good practice in EIA. The fundamental objective is always to ensure meaningful public participation at each step in the EIA process. If the proposed project is a mega-project or highly controversial, then there may need to be more engagements to ensure the public participation is meaningful. The Scoping step may take a long time and the EIA Investigation step could take up to a year or more to complete. These projects will require much more detailed Public Participation Plans with many meetings with PAP and other stakeholders. This is a direct consequence of the complexity of such projects.