Once the determination is made during Screening that an EIA is required for a proposed project, Scoping is the next step in the process. Scoping embodies the process for determining the scope of an EIA (i.e. identifying the relevant information that needs to be collected and analyzed to assess the potential impacts of a project proposal and possible project alternatives) and producing a
Terms of Reference (ToR)
for the preparation of an EIA Report.
The draft ToR will contain the key environmental and social impacts that will need to be investigated and assessed in the EIA Report. The draft ToR should be reviewed, and approved if appropriate, by the EIA Authority. The draft ToR should be reviewed in conjunction with the Scoping Report, which should articulate the public participation efforts to date and a detailed
Public Participation Plan
for subsequent steps in the EIA process.
If not already engaged, the project proponent will usually contract an EIA consultant at this point to undertake the Scoping and EIA Investigation steps. Preparation of the ToR,
Scoping Report, and Public Participation Plan is the responsibility of the EIA consultant hired by the project proponent. The EIA consultant is typically responsible for making sure the PAP and stakeholders are informed and able to engage in the EIA process. As such, this chapter refers to public participation being undertaken by the EIA consultant, but this should be understood to be on behalf of, and generally including representatives from, the project proponent.